Submitted by: sdemir   Date: 2010-11-08 16:39
C-reactive protein: a critical update
Mark B. Pepys and Gideon M. Hirschfield

CRP, named for its capacity to precipitate the somatic C-polysaccharide of Streptococcus pneumoniae, was the first acute-phase protein to be described and is an exquisitely sensitive systemic marker of inflammation and tissue damage (1). The acute-phase response comprises the nonspecific physiological and biochemical responses of endothermic animals to most forms of tissue damage, infection, inflammation, and malignant neoplasia. In particular, the synthesis of a number of proteins is rapidly upregulated, principally in hepatocytes, under the control of cytokines originating at the site of pathology. Other acute-phase proteins include proteinase inhibitors and coagulation, complement, and transport proteins, but the only molecule that displays sensitivity, response speed, and dynamic range comparable to those of CRP is serum amyloid A protein (SAA)

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